• The chapter gives an overview of the entire lifespan, from birth to death. Reflexes: Innate motor responses that are triggered by specific patterns of sensory stimulation. most societies have at least a brief period of adolescence, it is not universal across cultures. These processes influence changes in the development of the individual as a whole throughout the human. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, CBSE NotesCBSE Notes PsychologyNCERT Solutions Psychology. Developmental stages are periods during which physical or psychological functioning differs qualitatively from that of either earlier or later periods. within person, modifiability is found in psychological development, though plasticity varies among individuals. The hormones released during puberty result in the development of primary and secondary sexual characteristics. A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span. The fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell division and develops into an embryo. getting married, becoming a parent can be a difficult and stressful transition in young adults, even though it is usually accompanied by the feeling of love for the baby. 20. women are increasingly seeking employment outside the home thus creating another type of family in which both parents work. Continuity and Discontinuity. During the course of successful prenatal development, a human organism begins as a. Zygote and finally develops into a fetus. (Gender Role Formation) II. The names of psychologists like Edward Tolman and Jean Piaget are associated with the propagation of the ideas of this school of thought. Environmental influences are as complex as the genes we inherit. focusing on a single characteristic or feature for understanding an event. Human life proceeds through different stages. Physical changes in adolescence include the development of secondary sex characteristics, hormonal changes, and spurt in growth. Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 11 Psychology Human Development in PDF format. Family relationships become less important as the adolescent spends more time outside the home and develops a strong need for peer support and acceptance. \ Chapter 8 Psychology: Human Development. Terms in this set (57) Development. This means skills and abilities can be improved or developed throughout the life-span. Portland State University. children see the world only in terms of their own selves and are not able to appreciate others’ point of view. The Principles of Developmental Psychology 1 LEARNING AIMS At the end of this chapter you should: • be able to articulate the principles of a life-span develop- mental approach • be able to explain the different meanings of development • be familiar with and able to describe the key issues in the study of child development Developmental psychology is the branch of psychology that focuses on how people grow and change over the course of a lifetime. If the parents are sensitive, affectionate, and accepting, it provides the infant a strong base to explore the environment. These articles can help you understand the psychology of human development. Retirement from active vocational life is quite significant. Development does not take place in a vacuum. • Development is viewed as lifelong, multidimensional, multidirectional, plastic, historically embedded, multidisciplinary and biological. 2.1. Gender: The social dimension of being male or female. Overview. The observable characteristics of an individual are the result of the interaction between the person’s  inherited traits and the environment. genes do not exist in isolation and development occurs within the context of an individual’s environment. The study of human development is important in a number of subjects, including biology, anthropology, sociology, education, histor y, and psychology. A middle-aged person can remember the telephone number immediately after s/he has heard it but may not remember it so efficiently after a few days. (Gender Role Formation) II. Introduction to Psychology 7 UNIT TWO Human Development General Objective: At the end of the unit trainees will be able to describe human development. Social rules  are not considered as absolute standards and moral thinking shows some flexibility. 1.1: Aspects of the subject matter of psychology INTEXT QUESTIONS 1.1 1. Object permanence: Understanding that objects and events continue to exist even when they cannot directly be seen, heard, or touched. Operations : Internalised sets of actions that allow the child to do mentally what was done physically before. PSYCHOLOGY: MEANING AND DEFINITION Psychology owes its origin from Philosophy. 1. ADVERTISEMENTS: The below mentioned article provides notes on human memory. Fill in the blanks: a. Urie Bronfenbrenner’s contextual view of development emphasises the role of environmental factors in the development of an individual. Delinquency refers to a variety of behaviours, ranging from socially unacceptable behaviour, legal offences, to. Infants can hear immediately after birth. The growth and development of a child consists of a highly complex series of changes, with different tissues and different regions of the body maturing at different rates. This might trigger-off feelings of hopelessness and depression in some people. 23. Each stage is characterised by a distinct way of thinking and is age related. s/he still cannot manipulate ideas in the absence of objects. Test. The next section traces changes in human develop. Developmental Psychology Notes I. usm. 25. The visible and the surrounding layer factors interact with one another and may have different consequences for development in different people. In the 1960s and 1970s, as Freudian and Jungian psychology were rapidly being replaced by more empirical methods of studying human behavior, a Swiss philosopher and psychologist named Jean Piaget (1896-1980) offered a new theory of cognitive development. Learn. • The ideas about development revolve around three issues: nature and nurture, continuity and discontinuity and stability and change. Children view rules as absolute guidelines, which should be followed. Scroll down for Human Development from NCERT Book Class 11 Psychology Book & important study material. The three goals of developmental psychology are to describe, explain, and to optimize development (Baltes, Reese, & Lipsitt, 1980). It has been regarded as a period of rapid change, both biologically and psychologically. According to Erik Erikson the first year of life is the key time for the development of attachment. Development is lifelong, i.e. Context of Development 5. It studies thinking, memory, language, development, perception, imagery and other mental processes in order to peep into the higher human mental functions like insight, creativity and problem-solving. Psychology Human Development Books Showing 1-50 of 64 Bundle: Cultural Diversity: A Primer for the Human Services, Loose-leaf Version, 6th + MindTap 1 term Printed Access Card (CD-ROM) We inherit genetic codes from our parents, which are in every cell of our body. Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 11 Psychology Human Development in PDF format. 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